Summary of "Munitions List" Category 2-8:

The above summary by the Coalition to Oppose the Arms Trade (COAT) was derived from a detailed description of this category of munitions published by the Department of Foreign Affairs and International Trade Canada (DFAIT) in a document called A Guide to Canada’s Export Controls (June 2006).


The above DFAIT document describes seven different groups of products on the "Export Control List" whose export is "controlled" by the Government of Canada.  One of these seven groups, known as "Group 2" or the "Munitions List," is comprised of 22 categories of military products.  These are the categories of products whose export is documented in a series of DFAIT documents published since 1990, called Export of Military Goods from Canada.


Here is a quotation about this particular category of munitions from the relevant section of A Guide to Canada’s Export Controls:


“Energetic materials”, and related substances, as follows:


See also 1-1.C.11. on the Dual-Use List Technical Notes:

1. For the purposes of this entry, mixture refers to a composition of two or more substances with at least one substance being listed in the 2-8. sub-items.

2. Any substance listed in the 2-8. sub-items is controlled by this list, even when utilized in an application other than that indicated. (e.g., TAGN is predominantly used as an explosive but can also be used either as a fuel or an oxidiser.)

a. “Explosives”, as follows, and mixtures thereof:

1. ADNBF (aminodinitrobenzofuroxan or 7-amino-4,6- dinitrobenzofurazane-1-oxide) (CAS 97096-78-1);

2. BNCP (cis-bis (5-nitrotetrazolato) tetra amine-cobalt (III) perchlorate) (CAS 117412-28-9);

3. CL-14 (diamino dinitrobenzofuroxan or 5,7-diamino-4,6- dinitrobenzofurazane-1-oxide ) (CAS 117907-74-1);

4. CL-20 (HNIW or Hexanitrohexaazaisowurtzitane) (CAS 135285-90-4); chlathrates of CL-20 (see also 2-8.g.3. and g.4. for its “precursors”);

5. CP (2-(5-cyanotetrazolato) penta amine-cobalt (III) perchlorate) (CAS 70247-32-4);

6. DADE (1,1-diamino-2,2-dinitroethylene, FOX7);

7. DATB (diaminotrinitrobenzene) (CAS 1630-08-6);

8. DDFP (1,4-dinitrodifurazanopiperazine);

9. DDPO (2,6-diamino-3,5-dinitropyrazine-1-oxide, PZO) (CAS 194486-77-6);

10. DIPAM (3,3-diamino-2,2,4,4,6,6-hexanitrobiphenyl or dipicramide) (CAS 17215-44-0);

11. DNGU (DINGU or dinitroglycoluril) (CAS 55510-04-8);

12. Furazans, as follows:

a. DAAOF (diaminoazoxyfurazan);

b. DAAzF (diaminoazofurazan) (CAS 78644-90-3);

13. HMX and derivatives (see also 2-8.g.5. for its “precursors”), as follows:

a. HMX (Cyclotetramethylenetetranitramine, octahydro- 1,3,5,7-tetranitro-1,3,5,7-tetrazine, 1,3,5,7-tetranitro-1,3,5,7- tetraza-cyclooctane, octogen or octogene) (CAS 2691-41-0);

b. difluoroaminated analogs of HMX;

c. K-55 (2,4,6,8-tetranitro-2,4,6,8-tetraazabicyclo [3,3,0]- octanone-3, tetranitrosemiglycouril or keto-bicyclic HMX) (CAS 130256-72-3);

14.HNAD (hexanitroadamantane) (CAS 143850-71-9);

15. HNS (hexanitrostilbene) (CAS 20062-22-0);

16. Imidazoles, as follows:

a. BNNII (Octahydro-2,5-bis(nitroimino)imidazo [4,5-d]imidazole);

b. DNI (2,4-dinitroimidazole) (CAS 5213-49-0);

c. FDIA (1-fluoro-2,4-dinitroimidazole);

d. NTDNIA (N-(2-nitrotriazolo)-2,4-dinitroimidazole);

e. PTIA (1-picryl-2,4,5-trinitroimidazole);

17. NTNMH (1-(2-nitrotriazolo)-2-dinitromethylene hydrazine);

18.NTO (ONTA or 3-nitro-1,2,4-triazol-5-one) (CAS 932-64-9);

19. Polynitrocubanes with more than four nitro groups;

20.PYX (2,6-Bis(picrylamino)-3,5-dinitropyridine) (CAS 38082-89-2);

21. RDX and derivatives, as follows:

a. RDX (cyclotrimethylenetrinitramine, cyclonite, T4, hexahydro-1,3,5-trinitro-1,3,5-triazine, 1,3,5-trinitro- 1,3,5-triaza-cyclohexane, hexogen or hexogene) (CAS 121-82-4);

b. Keto-RDX (K-6 or 2,4,6-trinitro-2,4,6 triazacyclohexanone) (CAS 115029-35-1);

22.TAGN (triaminoguanidinenitrate) (CAS 4000-16-2);

23.TATB (triaminotrinitrobenzene) (CAS 3058-38-6) (see also 2-8.g.7. for its “precursors”);

24.TEDDZ (3,3,7,7-tetrabis(difluoroamine) octahydro-1,5- dinitro-1,5-diazocine);

25.Tetrazoles, as follows:

a. NTAT (nitrotriazol aminotetrazole);

b. NTNT (1-N-(2-nitrotriazolo)-4-nitrotetrazole);

26.Tetryl (trinitrophenylmethylnitramine) (CAS 479-45-8);

27.TNAD (1,4,5,8-tetranitro-1,4,5,8-tetraazadecalin) (CAS 135877-16-6) (see also 2-8.g.6. for its “precursors”);

28.TNAZ (1,3,3-trinitroazetidine) (CAS 97645-24-4) (see also 2-8.g.2. for its “precursors”);

29.TNGU (SORGUYL or tetranitroglycoluril) (CAS 55510-03-7);

30.TNP (1,4,5,8-tetranitro-pyridazino[4,5-d]pyridazine) (CAS 229176-04-9); 31.Triazines, as follows:

a. DNAM (2-oxy-4,6-dinitroamino-s-triazine) (CAS 19899-80-0);

b. NNHT (2-nitroimino-5-nitro-hexahydro-1,3,5-triazine) (CAS 130400-13-4);

32.Triazoles, as follows:

a. 5-azido-2-nitrotriazole;

b. ADHTDN (4-amino-3,5-dihydrazino-1,2,4-triazole dinitramide) (CAS 1614-08-0);

c. ADNT (1-amino-3,5-dinitro-1,2,4-triazole);

d. BDNTA ([bis-dinitrotriazole]amine);

e. DBT (3,3-dinitro-5,5-bi-1,2,4-triazole) (CAS 30003-46-4);

f. DNBT (dinitrobistriazole) (CAS 70890-46-9);

g. NTDNA (2-nitrotriazole 5-dinitramide) (CAS 75393-84-9);

h. NTDNT (1-N-(2-nitrotriazolo) 3,5-dinitrotriazole);

i. PDNT (1-picryl-3,5-dinitrotriazole);

j. TACOT (tetranitrobenzotriazolobenzotriazole) (CAS 25243-36-1);

33.Any explosive not listed elsewhere in 2-8.a. with a detonation velocity exceeding 8,700 m/s at maximum density or a detonation pressure exceeding 34 GPa (340 kbar);

34.Other organic explosives not listed elsewhere in 2-8.a. yielding detonation pressures of 25 GPa (250 kbar) or more that will remain stable at temperatures of 523K (250°C) or higher for periods of 5 minutes or longer.

b. “Propellants”, as follows:

1. Any United Nations (UN) Class 1.1 solid “propellant” with a theoretical specific impulse (under standard conditions) of more than 250 seconds for non-metallized, or more than 270 seconds for aluminized compositions;

2. Any UN Class 1.3 solid “propellant” with a theoretical specific impulse (under standard conditions) of more than 230 seconds for non-halogenized, 250 seconds for non-metallized compositions and 266 seconds for metallized compositions;

3. “Propellants” having a force constant of more than 1,200 kJ/kg;

4. “Propellants” that can sustain a steady-state linear burning rate of more than 38 mm/s under standard conditions (as measured in the form of an inhibited single strand) of

6.89 MPa (68.9 bar) pressure and 294K (21°C);

5. Elastomer modified cast double base (EMCDB) “propellants” with extensibility at maximum stress of more than 5% at 233K (-40°C);

6. Any “propellant” containing substances listed in 2-8.a.

c. “Pyrotechnics”, fuels and related substances, as follows, and mixtures thereof:

1. Aircraft fuels specially formulated for military purposes;

2. Alane (aluminum hydride) (CAS 7784-21-6);

3. Carboranes; decaborane (CAS 17702-41-9); pentaboranes (CAS 19624-22-7 and 18433-84-6) and their derivatives;

4. Hydrazine and derivatives, as follows (see also 2-8.d.8. and d.9. for oxidising hydrazine derivatives):

a. Hydrazine (CAS 302-01-2) in concentrations of 70% or more;

b. Monomethyl hydrazine (CAS 60-34-4);

c. Symmetrical dimethyl hydrazine (CAS 540-73-8);

d. Unsymmetrical dimethyl hydrazine (CAS 57-14-7);

5. Metal fuels in particle form whether spherical, atomized, spheroidal, flaked or ground, manufactured from material consisting of 99 % or more of any of the following:

a. Metals and mixtures thereof, as follows:

1. Beryllium (CAS 7440-41-7) in particle sizes of less than 60 μm;

2. Iron powder (CAS 7439-89-6) with particle size of 3 μm or less produced by reduction of iron oxide with hydrogen;

b. Mixtures, which contain any of the following:

1. Zirconium (CAS 7440-67-7), magnesium (CAS 7439- 95-4) or alloys of these in particle sizes of less than 60 μm;

2. Boron (CAS 7440-42-8) or boron carbide (CAS 12069-32-8) fuels of 85% purity or higher and particle sizes of less than 60 μm;

6. Military materials containing thickeners for hydrocarbon fuels specially formulated for use in flame throwers or incendiary munitions, such as metal stearates or palmates (e.g. octal (CAS 637-12-7)) and M1, M2, and M3 thickeners;

7. Perchlorates, chlorates and chromates composited with powdered metal or other high energy fuel components;

8. Spherical aluminum powder (CAS 7429-90-5) with a particle size of 60 μm or less, manufactured from material with an aluminum content of 99% or more;

9. Titanium subhydride (TiHn) of stoichiometry equivalent to n = 0.65-1.68.

Note 1:

Aircraft fuels controlled by 2-8.c.1. are finished products not their constituents.

Note 2:

2-8.c.4.a. does not control hydrazine mixtures specially formulated for corrosion control.

Note 3:

Explosives and fuels containing the metals or alloys listed in 2-8.c.5. are controlled whether or not the metals or alloys are encapsulated in aluminum, magnesium, zirconium, or beryllium.

Note 4:

2-8.c.5.b.2. does not control boron and boron carbide enriched with boron-10 (20% or more of total boron-10 content.)

d. Oxidizers, as follows, and mixtures thereof:

1. ADN (ammonium dinitramide or SR 12) (CAS 140456-78-6);

2. AP (ammonium perchlorate) (CAS 7790-98-9);

3. Compounds composed of fluorine and any of the following:

a. Other halogens;

b. Oxygen; or

c. Nitrogen;

Note 1:

2-8.d.3. does not control chlorine trifluoride.

Note 2:

2-8.d.3. does not control nitrogen trifluoride in its gaseous state.

4. DNAD (1,3-dinitro-1,3-diazetidine) (CAS 78246-06-7);

5. HAN (hydroxylammonium nitrate) (CAS 13465-08-2);

6. HAP (hydroxylammonium perchlorate) (CAS 15588-62-2);

7. HNF (hydrazinium nitroformate) (CAS 20773-28-8);

8. Hydrazine nitrate (CAS 37836-27-4);

9. Hydrazine perchlorate (CAS 27978-54-7);

10. Liquid oxidisers comprised of or containing inhibited red fuming nitric acid (IRFNA) (CAS 8007-58-7);


2-8.d.10. does not control non-inhibited fuming nitric acid.

e. Binders, plasticisers, monomers, polymers, as follows:

1. AMMO (azidomethylmethyloxetane and its polymers) (CAS 90683-29-7) (see also 2-8.g.1. for its “precursors”);

2. BAMO (bisazidomethyloxetane and its polymers) (CAS 17607- 20-4) (see also 2-8.g.1. for its “precursors”);

3. BDNPA (bis (2,2-dinitropropyl)acetal) (CAS 5108-69-0);

4. BDNPF (bis (2,2-dinitropropyl)formal) (CAS 5917-61-3);

5. BTTN (butanetrioltrinitrate) (CAS 6659-60-5) (see also 2-8.g.8. for its “precursors”);

6. Energetic monomers, plasticizers and polymers containing nitro, azido, nitrate, nitraza or difluoroamino groups specially formulated for military use;

7. FAMAO (3-difluoroaminomethyl-3-azidomethyl oxetane) and its polymers;

8. FEFO (bis-(2-fluoro-2,2-dinitroethyl) formal) (CAS 17003-79-1);

9. FPF-1 (poly-2,2,3,3,4,4-hexafluoropentane-1,5-diol formal) (CAS 376-90-9);

10. FPF-3 (poly-2,4,4,5,5,6,6-heptafluoro-2-tri-fluoromethyl- 3-oxaheptane-1,7-diol formal);

11. GAP (glycidylazide polymer) (CAS 143178-24-9) and its derivatives;

12. HTPB (hydroxyl terminated polybutadiene) with a hydroxyl functionality equal to or greater than 2.2 and less than or equal to 2.4, a hydroxyl value of less than 0.77 meq/g, and a viscosity at 30°C of less than 47 poise (CAS 69102-90-5);

13. Low (less then 10,000) molecular weight, alcohol functionalised, poly(epichlorohydrin); poly(epichlorohydrindiol) and triol;

14.NENAs (nitratoethylnitramine compounds) (CAS 17096-47- 8, 85068-73-1, 82486-83-7, 82486-82-6 and 85954-06-9);

15.PGN (poly-GLYN, polyglycidylnitrate or poly (nitratomethyl oxirane) (CAS 27814-48-8);

16.Poly-NIMMO (poly nitratomethylmethyloxetane) or poly- NMMO (poly[3-Nitratomethyl-3-methyloxetane]) (CAS 84051-81-0);

17. Polynitroorthocarbonates;

18.TVOPA (1,2,3-tris[1,2-bis(difluoroamino)ethoxy] propane or tris vinoxy propane adduct) (CAS 53159-39-0).

f. “Additives”, as follows:

1. Basic copper salicylate (CAS 62320-94-9);

2. BHEGA (bis-(2-hydroxyethyl) glycolamide) (CAS 17409-41-5);

3. BNO (butadienenitrileoxide) (CAS 9003-18-3);

4. Ferrocene derivatives, as follows:

a. Butacene (CAS 125856-62-4);

b. Catocene (2,2-bis-ethylferrocenyl propane) (CAS 37206-42-1);

c. Ferrocene carboxylic acids;

d. n-butyl-ferrocene (CAS 31904-29-7);

e. Other adducted polymer ferrocene derivatives;

5. Lead beta-resorcylate (CAS 20936-32-7);

6. Lead citrate (CAS 14450-60-3);

7. Lead-copper chelates of beta-resorcylate or salicylates (CAS 68411-07-4);

8. Lead maleate (CAS 19136-34-6);

9. Lead salicylate (CAS 15748-73-9);

10. Lead stannate (CAS 12036-31-6);

11. MAPO (tris-1-(2-methyl)aziridinyl phosphine oxide) (CAS 57-39-6); BOBBA 8 (bis(2-methyl aziridinyl) 2-(2- hydroxypropanoxy) propylamino phosphine oxide); and other MAPO derivatives;

12. Methyl BAPO (bis(2-methyl aziridinyl) methylamino phosphine oxide) (CAS 85068-72-0);

13. N-methyl-p-nitroaniline (CAS 100-15-2);

14. 3-Nitraza-1,5-pentane diisocyanate (CAS 7406-61-9);

15. Organo-metallic coupling agents, as follows:

a. Neopentyl[diallyl]oxy, tri[dioctyl]phosphato-titanate (CAS 103850-22-2); also known as titanium IV, 2,2[bis 2- propenolato-methyl, butanolato, tris (dioctyl) phosphato] (CAS 110438-25-0); or LICA 12 (CAS 103850-22-2);

b. Titanium IV, [(2-propenolato-1) methyl, n-propanolatomethyl] butanolato-1, tris[dioctyl] pyrophosphate or KR3538;

c. Titanium IV, [(2-propenolato-1)methyl, n-propanolatomethyl] butanolato-1, tris(dioctyl)phosphate;


17.Polyfunctional aziridine amides with isophthalic, trimesic (BITA or butylene imine trimesamide), isocyanuric or trimethyladipic backbone structures and 2-methyl or 2-ethyl substitutions on the aziridine ring;

18.Propyleneimine (2-methylaziridine) (CAS 75-55-8);

19.Superfine iron oxide (Fe2O3) with a specific surface area more than 250 m2/g and an average particle size of 3.0 nm or less;

20.TEPAN (tetraethylenepentaamineacrylonitrile) (CAS 68412- 45-3); cyanoethylated polyamines and their salts;

21.TEPANOL (tetraethylenepentaamineacrylonitrileglycidol) (CAS 68412-46-4); cyanoethylated polyamines adducted with glycidol and their salts;

22.TPB (triphenyl bismuth) (CAS 603-33-8).

g. “Precursors”, as follows:


In 2-8.g. the references are to controlled “Energetic Materials” manufactured from these substances.

1. BCMO (bischloromethyloxetane) (CAS 142173-26-0) (see also 2-8.e.1. and e.2.;

2. Dinitroazetidine-t-butyl salt (CAS 125735-38-8) (see also 2-8.a.28.);

3. HBIW (hexabenzylhexaazaisowurtzitane) (CAS 124782- 15-6) (see also 2-8.a.4.);

4. TAIW (tetraacetyldibenzylhexaazaisowurtzitane) (see also 2-8.a.4.);

5. TAT (1,3,5,7 tetraacetyl-1,3,5,7,-tetraaza cyclo-octane) (CAS 41378-98-7) (see also 2-8.a.13.);

6. 1,4,5,8-tetraazadecalin (CAS 5409-42-7) (see also 2-8.a.27.);

7. 1,3,5-trichlorobenzene (CAS 108-70-3) (see also 2-8.a.23.);

8. 1,2,4-trihydroxybutane (1,2,4-butanetriol) (CAS 3068-00-6) (see also 2-8.e.5.).

Note 5:

For charges and devices see 2-4.

Note 6:

2-8. does not control the following substances unless they are compounded or mixed with the “energetic material” mentioned in 2-8.a. or powdered metals in 2-8.c.:

a. Ammonium picrate;

b. Black powder;

c. Hexanitrodiphenylamine;

d. Difluoroamine;

e. Nitrostarch;

f. Potassium nitrate;

g. Tetranitronaphthalene;

h. Trinitroanisol;

i. Trinitronaphthalene;

j. Trinitroxylene;

k. N-pyrrolidinone; 1-methyl-2-pyrrolidinone;

l. Dioctylmaleate;

m. Ethylhexylacrylate;

n. Triethylaluminium (TEA), trimethylaluminium (TMA), and other pyrophoric metal alkyls and aryls of lithium, sodium, magnesium, zinc or boron;

o. Nitrocelluose;

p. Nitroglycerin (or glyceroltrinitrate, trinitroglycerine) (NG);

q. 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (TNT);

r. Ethylenediaminedinitrate (EDDN);

s. Pentaerythritoltetranitrate (PETN);

t. Lead azide, normal and basic lead styphnate, and primary explosives or priming compositions containing azides or azide complexes;

u. Triethyleneglycoldinitrate (TEGDN);

v. 2,4,6-trinitroresorcinol (styphnic acid);

w. Diethyldiphenyl urea; dimethylidiphenyl urea; methylethyldiphenyl urea [Centralites];

x. N,N-diphenylurea (unsymmetrical diphenylurea);

y. Methyl-N,N-diphenylurea (methyl unsymmetrical diphenylurea);

z. Ethyl-N,N-diphenylurea (ethyl unsymmetrical diphenylurea);

aa. 2-Nitrodiphenylamine (2-NDPA);

bb. 4-Nitrodiphenylamine (4-NDPA);

cc. 2,2-dinitropropanol;

dd. Nitroguanidine (see 1-1.C.11.d. on the Dual-Use List).