Southern Committee to Uphold the Constitution
The most important of these [du Pont funded fascist] organizations
was the Southern Committee to Uphold the Constitution (SCUC).
Its goal was the creation of a mass movement of whites in the
South, in the hope of robbing Roosevelt of his Dixie vote and
also, through stirring up anti-Black racism, attacking the organizing
drives of CIO unions from the North. It's chairman was Texas oil
magnate and former National
Association of Manufacturers president, John H. Kirby. Vance
Muse, editor of The Christian American and right-hand man
of John Kirby, circulated "a picture of Mrs. Roosevelt going
to a Negro meeting with a Negro escort on either side of her"
(New York Times, April 13, 1936). The SCUC leaflet read,
"President Roosevelt has
permitted Negroes to come
to the White House banquet table and sleep in the White House
beds." Muse said of New Deal labor policies, "White
women and white men will be forced into organizations with black
African apes whom they will have to call 'brother' or lose their
Source: Gerard Colby, from the chapter, "Decade of Despair," Du Pont Dynasty: Behind the Nylon Curtain. (Secaucus: Lyle Stewart, 1984), pp. 347-357.
The conservative Baltimore Sun described it [the SCUC]
as 'a hybrid organization financed by northern money, but playing
on the Ku Klux Klan prejudices of the south.' Its sponsor, John
H. Kirby, collaborated in anti-Semitic drives against the New
Deal with the Reverend Gerald L. K. Smith, leader of the first
Silver Shirt squad of American storm troopers."]
Source: Jules Archer, in The Plot to Seize the White House, p.31,
In 1934 [Vance] Muse and [John Henry] Kirby organized the Southern
Committee to Uphold the Constitution, financed mostly by the DuPonts
and other northern industrial interests, in an effort to prevent
Franklin D. Roosevelt's reelection. Two years later Muse was the
leading organizer of Christian
Americans, a group he formed to combat what he perceived as
radicalism and subversive influences throughout the country. He
believed that organized labor in the United States was the source
of much communistic influence, and thus he led Christian Americans
to support the antiunion movement. During and shortly after World
War II, when laws to regulate and curb unions were passed in Texas
and other southern states, Muse was a leading lobbyist in this
effort. The Christian Americans worked for passage of right-to-work
laws in sixteen states
Source: "Vance Muse"
A strategy of deception favored by the Republican Establishment
was to subsidize fascist, antidemocratic organizations with very
officialsounding, democratic names. The American Liberty
League was suchan organization. In turn, the [American]
Liberty League subsidized other such groups.The Southern Committee
to Uphold the Constitution was one of them. It was formed to provoke
fear and hatred of blacks, and to deprive the president of his
southern vote. The chairman of this racist organization was a
past president of the National Association of Manufacturers.
Source: The American Bully - Part II Chapter Three
Who funded the Southern Committee to Uphold the Constitution?
For a sizable list of donors to the American Liberty League
and its front groups (for example, the Sentinels
of the Republic, Crusaders,
Southern Committee to Uphold the Constitution, and other fascist
American organizations in the 1930s), refer to a table of data
prepared by Senator Black (originally published in the Digest
of Data, Special Committee to Investigate Lobby Activities,
74th Congress 2nd Session). It was later published in 1000
Americans, by George
Seldes, Boni & Gaer, 1947, p. 292-298.
This table of data on donations to American fascist organizations is now availale online by Glen Yeadon, The Nazi Hydra in America, 2004.
"Appendix 1: Big Donors to the Pro-Nazi Groups, The 1930s: Nazis Parading on Main Street."