Pauline Sabin (1887-1955)
By Richard Sanders, Editor, Press for Conversion!
Sabin was the only woman on the American Liberty Leagues executive committee.
Pauline Sabin grew up in a wealthy, political family. Her grandfather, J. Sterling Morton, had been a Democratic Senator, Nebraskas governor and U.S. Secretary of Agriculture (1893 -1897). Her father, Paul Morton, a Republican, was a railroad executive, U.S. Secretary of the Navy (1904-1905) and the Equitable Life Assurance Societys president. In 1934, Pauline inherited millions from uncle Joy Morton, the founder of Morton Salt.
She was deeply involved in Republican Party politics, serving on the Suffolk County, NY, Republican Committee (1919) and the partys executive committee for that state (1920). She co-founded the Womens National Republican Club and was its president (1921-1926). In 1924, she was the first woman on the Republican National Committee. That year, and in 1928, she was a delegate to the Republican National Convention. During the presidential campaigns of both Coolidge and Hoover, she headed up womens activities in the east. However, in 1929, she resigned from Republican Party when Hoover changed course and supported prohibition.
Sabin is best known for founding the Womens Organization for National Prohibition Reform (WONPR), often called The Sabin Women. This group, which burst onto the scene in 1929, was started by affluent wives of bankers and industrialists who dominated the all-male Association Against the Prohibition Amendment (AAPA). Paulines husband, Charles Sabin, a prominent Democrat and president of J.P. Morgans Guaranty Trust Co., had been active with the AAPA since the early 1920s and was its treasurer. The media gave good coverage to Sabin and her clique of fashionable, high-society ladies. By 1931, the WONPR was the countrys biggest, female repeal organization, with some 1.5 million members. WONPRs success was based on the hijacking of traditional female concerns about the home and family, says Kenneth Rose, author of American Women and the Repeal of Prohibition (1996).
In 1933, her husband died just before prohibition was repealed. Sabin and numerous top AAPA organizers then became active in the American Liberty League and she served on its executive committee. She also co-chaired Fiorello La Guardias successful campaign for New York mayor. In 1936, she worked on Alfred Landons successful campaign for Governor of New York. That year, she married Dwight Davis, a former Secretary of War (1925-1929) and U.S. governor general of the Philippines (1929-1932). She lived long enough to see her son, James Hopkins, become Assistant Secretary of the Navy for Air (1952-1956).
David E. Kyvig, Dictionary American Biography, Supp. Five.
Carl Miller, "We Bot Beer Back!," All About Beer,
Paula Baker, "Review: American Women and the Repeal of
Prohibition by Kenneth D. Rose," The Independent Review,
Source: Press for Conversion! magazine, Issue # 53, "Facing the Corporate Roots of American Fascism," March 2004. Published by the Coalition to Oppose the Arms Trade.
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