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Defunding Cold War Canada
Table of Contents
Canada’s anti-Red, Cold War
propaganda in context
On June 30, 1941, one week after their Operation-Barbarossa invasion of the USSR, the Nazis occupied Lviv, Ukraine. Marching with them was the Nachtigall Battalion. It was allied to Stepan Bandera’s fascist Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists (OUN-B) which then proclaimed an "independent" Ukraine and gave its total support to Nazi Germany. Bandera’s deputy, Yaroslav Stetsko, declared himself the prime minister, while Nachtigall commander and OUN(B) leader, Roman Shukhevych, became deputy defence minister.
Ukraine’s fascist state, 1941
The 1941 Act of Ukrainian Statehood glorified what it called their "bloody battle with the Moscovite-Bolshevik enslavers" and their "energetic battle for freedom." Vowing to "continue to fight with the Allied German Army against Moscovite occupation for a sovereign and united State and a new order in the whole world," they declared support for Hitler’s goal of a "new order in Europe and the world," and said the:
newly formed Ukrainian state will work closely with the National-Socialist Greater Germany, under the leadership of its leader Adolf Hitler which is forming a new order in Europe and the world and is helping the Ukrainian People to free itself from Moscovite occupation.1
Stetsko’s radio broadcast of this proclamation received immediate support from the top of the Ukrainian Orthodox and Ukrainian Greek Catholic churches. The latter’s Archbishop, Andrey Sheptytsky, wrote a pastoral letter stating:
We greet the victorious German Army as deliverer from the enemy. We render our obedient homage to the government which has been erected. We recognize Mr. Yaroslav Stetsko as Head of State ... of the Ukraine.2
That same day, OUN(B) notices plastered all over Lviv incited Ukrainians to ethnically cleanse their newly-created nation state:
Do not throw away your weapons now. Take them in your hands. Destroy the enemy .… People! Know! Moscow, Poland, the Hungarians, the Jews are your enemies. Destroy them!
Know! Your leadership is the Leadership of Ukrainian Nationalists, is the OUN. Your Leader is Stepan Bandera. Your goal is an Independent United Ukrainian State. Your path is the path of the Ukrainian National Revolution, the path of armed struggle, the path of the OUN. Glory to Ukraine! Glory to the Heroes! Glory to the Leader!3
After thus unleashing mass murder in Lviv, the Nazis and their Ukrainian allies went on to slaughter four million Soviet civilians in Ukraine alone.
Whitewashing Stetsko’s Ukraine
Ukrainian ethnonationalists deny OUN(B) links to Nazism. For example, in its article on the 1941 Act of Ukrainian Statehood, the Encyclopedia of Ukraine does not mention the OUN-B’s declaration’s effusive alliance with Hitler, the Nazis and "the Allied German Army against Moscovite occupation." Instead, it decries communist criticism of the OUN(B) efforts saying: "Soviet authorities ... painted them in the blackest terms as the perfidious undertakings of evil collaborators riding on the coattails of the Nazis."4
Similarly, the proBandera-Stetsko League of Ukrainian Canadians used the canard of Nazi-Soviet equivalency to praise the OUN-B’s 1941 proclamation, by saying:
when Ukraine was sandwiched between two likeminded, murderous invaders, Soviet Russia from the east and Nazi Germany from the west ... Stepan Bandera and Yaroslav Stetsko, gave the nation hope for a better, free, democratic future by bravely declaring independence....5
References and notes
1. Samostiyna Ukraina, July 10, 1941, p.1, cited in John A. Armstrong, Ukrainian Nationalism, 1963, pp.79-80. http://bit.ly/UkraineAct
2. Ibid., p.81.
3. Nationalist placard posted in Lviv on 30 June 1941 incites pogroms http://bit.ly/OUNBsigns
4. Michael Savaryn, "Proclamation of
Ukrainian statehood, 1941," Encyclopedia of Ukraine, 1993.
5. Ihor Dlaboha, "75 Years Ago Ukrainian Nation re-established Statehood," Jun. 29, 2016. http://bit.ly/Ukraine-State
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