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Defunding the Myths and Cults of
Cold War Canada:
Ongoing state support for East European
émigré groups with deep fascist roots

(Collaborators, Crusades and Coverups in an era of “truth and reconciliation”)

Issue #70, Press for Conversion! (Spring 2021)
of the
Coalition to Oppose the Arms Trade (COAT)
Read a summary of this issue            See articles on the state funding of fascist-linked groups

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Defunding Cold War Canada

Table of Contents

Canada’s anti-Red, Cold War propaganda in context
L.B.Pearson: Godfather of Cda’s Cold War on the new "Red" enemy
Pearson College and NATO’s United World Colleges
The CBC’s “Voice of Canada” --  Weapon of Cold War propaganda
‘Voice of America’ & the CIA’s ‘Radio Free Europe’ & “Radio Liberty’
L.B.Pearson: Groomed by King, St. Laurent & the ‘Big antiRed Machine'
Mackenzie King gave shocking praise for Hitler until the eve of war in 1939
Liberal immigration: "None is too many" and Too many is not enough
Why did King have such adoring admiration for Nazi Germany's dictator?
King loved Hitler’s hate speech against “Jewish international Bolshevism”

“Captive Nations” and their "Black-Ribbon-Day" crusade
The ignored historical context of “Black Ribbon Day” (Aug. 23, 1939)
“Captive Nations”: Nazi trope to CIA meme to Cold-War trump card
The “Captive Nations” conceit in Nazi propaganda
John Diefenbaker: Strong voice at the UN for “Captive Nations” bloc
The BRD campaign: Canada’s top Cold War propaganda export
The late Cold War context of the BRD crusade
Ongoing propaganda of the former "Captive Nations":
    (1) Canada’s anti-communism monument and (2) the Magnitsky laws

Far-right roots:
East European émigré groups in Canada & abroad

Estonian Central Council in Canada
   Estonia glorifies Nazi veterans as ‘freedom fighters’
Estonian World Council
Lithuanian Canadian Community and the Lithuanian World Community
   Lithuanian nationalists now have 'freedom' to glorify Nazi heritage
Latvian National Federation in Canada
World Federation of Free Latvians
Slovak World Congress and the Canadian Slovak League
Council of Free Czechoslovakia & Czechoslovak Nat'l Assoc. of Cda.

Ukrainian linchpin of Cda’s postwar, far-right diaspora
Krakow and Ottawa, 1940: "A Tale of Two Cities," and two UCCs:
(1) Germany’s Ukrainian Central Cttee. and (2) Canada's Ukrainian Canadian Cttee.

The Anti-Bolshevik Bloc of Nations & World AntiCommunist League
Yaroslav Stetsko: Leader of proNazi Ukraine, 1941

State-funded centres of Canada’s Bandera cult and its Bandera youth
Roman Shukhevych: Assassin, terrorist, war criminal and cult hero

Getting them young: Instilling Ukrainian patriotism in children and youth
Plast recruited for Nazi’s Waffen SS Galicia; now recruits for Ukraine
From Chomiak to Freeland: “keep that flame alive”
Chrystia Freeland: “Accidental journalist” or groomed for the job?
Myron Kuropas: Downplaying Holocaust; Exaggerating Holodomor
Turning from same page: Freeland wrote for pro-fascist publications
Yuri Shymko: From Bandera youth leader, MPP & MP, to elder statesman
Lisa Shymko: In the footsteps of family, community & far-right, war heroes
Rubbing political shoulders with the ABN in Toronto

The struggle continues...                                            Abridged Index

AntiBolshevik Bloc of Nations and the
World AntiCommunist League

By Richard Sanders

(Click here for a PDF to see this article as it appears in print)

The University of Edmonton-based Encyclopedia of Ukraine, initiated by Volodymyr Kubijovych -- the Ukrainian who led WWII-era collaboration with the Nazis -- states that the AntiBolshevik Bloc of Nations (ABN):

attributes its existence and its ideological foundations to an underground conference of representatives of non-Russian peoples ... on 21-22 Nov. 1943 near Zhytomyr [Ukraine] on the initiative of the Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists [OUN] and at which a platform of joint revolutionary struggle against Russian communism was formulated.... The goal of the ABN was the dismemberment of the Soviet Union into national states....1

This November 1943 meeting organized by Stepan Bandera’s faction of the Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists (OUN-B), was instigated by the Nazis to create an "Anti-Bolshevik Front." Its 39 delegates from twelve "enslaved" Soviet ethnic groups formed a network of "underground" armies. Calling themselves the Committee of Subjugated Nations (CSN), this alliance of fascist armies "was the direct precursor" of the ABN, "though nationalists continue to deny its Nazi origins."2

Hitler and Rosenberg

The Red Army defeated the Nazis in huge, 1943 battles in Kursk and Stalingrad. Nazi military intelligence (Abwehr) and the Reich Ministry for the Occupied Eastern Territories (led by fascist ideologue Alfred Rosenberg) turned to their strongest eastern allies: the OUN-B and its Ukrainian Insurgent Army (UPA). In 1943, they were joined

by deserters from the Red Army and from non-German SS units, including Belorussians, Georgians, Azerbaijanis, Turkestanians, Cossacks, Armenians, Uzbeks, Tartars and even Russians."3

Besides the UPA, the CSN included Romania’s Iron Guard, Hungary’s Arrow Cross, Slovakia’s Hlinka Guard and other fascist legions from the Baltics, Bulgaria and Belorussia.4 Sharing the Nazi’s rabid hatred of Russians, Jews and communists, the CSN sought to obliterate the USSR by dividing it into ethnically-cleansed, Christian states.

Postwar service to empire

After WWII, the CSN had to replace its Nazi sponsors. In 1946, with funding from the US, UK and West German governments,5 the CSN became the ABN. Its "most active group" remained the OUN(B).6 In 1951, US army intelligence said the OUN(B) was "composed of rough, tough younger men of strong convictions without the slightest aversion to violent murder or otherwise ruthlessly disposing of any and all opposition."7

ABN leaders Yaroslav Stetsko and Ferdinand Durcanský often met with Latin American fascists such as Brazillian admiral Penna Botto (who supported Nazi Germany during WWII and supported the US/Canada-backed military coup in Brazil in 1964).

Photo from AntiBolshevik Bloc of Nations (ABN) magazine, ABN Correspondence, Jan/Feb 1987, p.17 (from "Tribute to Yaroslav Stetsko" at the 1986 ABN Conference in Toronto by then-Chairman of ABN-Canada, Orest Steciw).

ABN leadership was a who’s who of fascists. Its president from 1946 until his death in 1986, was Bandera’s deputy, Yaroslav Stetsko. During a 1981 visit to the US to celebrate the 40th anniversary of the OUN-B’s declaration of an "independent" proNazi Ukraine, Stetsko summed up the ABN’s goal and its violent strategy:

"The complete destruction of the Russian empire through a Ukrainian national revolution and armed uprisings of all subjugated nations is the only means for achieving an independent Ukrainian state and the liberation of all nations subjugated by Moscow."8 (Emphasis added)

Other ABN leaders included fascist Hungarian general Ferenc Farkas, Croatian general Hinko Alabanda (whose Ustaša death camps killed hundreds of thousands of Serbs, Jews and Roma), and Ferdinand Durcanský, the former foreign minister of clerico-fascist Slovakia, who found safe haven in Canada (1950-51) before working for the ABN in Britain and Germany, and becoming a CIA advisor.

The ABN logo used an
ancient German wolfsangel:

This iron hook to kill wolves was
an early Nazi emblem used by
Waffen SS divisions.
Like the swastika, its use is now banned in Germany

It was also used in the logo
of the Nazi's Stormtroopers:

the National Socialist Movement in
the Netherlands (1931-1945):

a far-right Italian terrorist
movement (1978-82):

the white-power Aryan Nations
and Christian Identity groups:

Ukraine’s neoNazi Party
(now called Svoboda):

and Ukraine's Azov Battalion, a
fascist-linked militia that aided the
pro-NATO Maidan coup in 2014. 
Azov is now incorporated
into Ukraine’s National Guard.

As a Cold War asset of the CIA, the ABN was central to its propaganda vehicles, such as Radio Liberation from Bolshevism (now called Radio Liberty).  As Jonathan Levy notes:

"The ABN became the darling of the cold warriors ... and its questionable personalities given full access to Radio Liberty and other propaganda venues. Radio Liberty itself was sharply criticized as a mouthpiece for antisemitism and glorification of Ukrainian Nazi collaborators."9

Throughout the Cold War, the ABN held some of its largest events in Toronto. (See also here and here.) Its 1986 congress there received "warm greetings" from Pres. Reagan and PM Mulroney. Toronto was fertile ground for the ABN because many of the far-right immigrants selected by Canada, settled in Toronto after the war. There they formed groups representing the antiSoviet diaspora from Europe’s "captive nations."

In 1996, after achieving the Nazi-cum-CIA dream of destroying their common Soviet enemy, the ABN ceased operations.

World AntiCommunist League (WACL)

Through the 1950s and 1960s, Stetsko attended meetings of the Asian People’s AntiCommunist League. Created in 1954 by US-backed regimes in South Korea, South Vietnam, Taiwan and the Philippines, it joined with Stetsko’s ABN and other fascist entities from six continents to form the World AntiCommunist League (WACL) in 1966.

The WACL united Nazi politicians, Japanese war criminals, Italian terrorists, Salvadoran and Guatemalan death-squad leaders, US-allied dictators (Argentina’s Jorge Videla, South Korea’s Park Chunghee and Paraguay’s Alfredo Stroessner), former CIA officials, Moonie cult leaders, Saudi sheikhs, Nicaraguan contras, Afghan mujahideen and retired US Gen. John K. Singlaub.10

WACL events were graced by Senators, Congressmen, MPs and archbishops. Its 1984 confab had greetings from US President Ronald Reagan. No mere think tank, it was "an instrument for the practice of unconventional warfare—assassinations, death squads, sabotage—throughout the world."11 After the USSR’s destruction, it became the World League for Freedom and Democracy.


References and notes

1. Anti-Bolshevik Bloc of Nations, Encyclopedia of Ukraine.

2. Stephen Dorril, MI6: Inside the Covert World of Her Majesty’s Secret Intelligence Service, 2000, p.229.

3. Ibid.

4. Russ Bellant, Old Nazis New Right and the Republican Party, 1991, pp.72-73.

5. Scott Anderson and Jon Lee Anderson, Inside the League, 1986, p.35.

6. Anti-Bolshevik Bloc of Nations, op. cit.

7. Cited by Jonathan Levy, The Intermarium: Wilson, Madison, and East Central European Federalism, 2006, p.319. (PhD thesis, Poli. Sci.)

8. Syracuse Herald-American, Oct.11, 1981, in ABN Correspondence, Mar/Apr 1982, p.39.

9. Levy, p.321

10. Singlaub helped found the CIA, ran its ops in postwar Manchuria and covert wars in Laos and Vietnam (including the Phoenix assassination program). He supplied Nicaraguan and Afghan terrorists, led US troops in Korea, created WACL’s US chapter in 1981 and led the WACL globally (1984-86).

11. Anderson and Anderson, op. cit., p.11.

Learn more....  You may also be interested in these resources...

Click to read the contents of this magazine online

Captive Canada
Renditions of the
Peaceable Kingdom at War,
from Narratives of WWI
and the Red Scare to the
Mass Internment of Civilians

(Or, how we learned to stop worrying,
keep calm and carry on loving the
myths that define and confine us.)


Read the introductory article:
"The Canada Syndrome,
a Captivating Mass Psychosis

Click to read the contents of this magazine online

Fictive Canada
Indigenous Slaves
and the Captivating Narratives
of a Mythic Nation

Read the i
ntroductory article:
True Crime Stories and
the Politics of Literary Escapism:
Canada as a Fiction in the
Imperial Genre


Watch the COAT website
for news about....

  (1) an upcoming book
by Richard Sanders

with the
  working title...

The Grooming
of a Liberal
War Hawk
Chrystia Freeland

Stop Canadian government
funding of groups that
glorify Nazi collaborators

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