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Defunding the Myths and Cults of
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Defunding Cold War Canada
Table of Contents
Canada’s anti-Red, Cold War
propaganda in context
Bloc of Nations
The University of Edmonton-based Encyclopedia of Ukraine, initiated by Volodymyr Kubijovych -- the Ukrainian who led WWII-era collaboration with the Nazis -- states that the AntiBolshevik Bloc of Nations (ABN):
attributes its existence and its ideological foundations to an underground conference of representatives of non-Russian peoples ... on 21-22 Nov. 1943 near Zhytomyr [Ukraine] on the initiative of the Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists [OUN] and at which a platform of joint revolutionary struggle against Russian communism was formulated.... The goal of the ABN was the dismemberment of the Soviet Union into national states....1
This November 1943 meeting organized by Stepan Bandera’s faction of the Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists (OUN-B), was instigated by the Nazis to create an "Anti-Bolshevik Front." Its 39 delegates from twelve "enslaved" Soviet ethnic groups formed a network of "underground" armies. Calling themselves the Committee of Subjugated Nations (CSN), this alliance of fascist armies "was the direct precursor" of the ABN, "though nationalists continue to deny its Nazi origins."2
by deserters from the Red Army and from non-German SS units, including Belorussians, Georgians, Azerbaijanis, Turkestanians, Cossacks, Armenians, Uzbeks, Tartars and even Russians."3
Postwar service to empire
After WWII, the CSN had to replace its Nazi sponsors. In 1946, with funding from the US, UK and West German governments,5 the CSN became the ABN. Its "most active group" remained the OUN(B).6 In 1951, US army intelligence said the OUN(B) was "composed of rough, tough younger men of strong convictions without the slightest aversion to violent murder or otherwise ruthlessly disposing of any and all opposition."7
ABN leadership was a who’s who of fascists. Its president from 1946 until his death in 1986, was Bandera’s deputy, Yaroslav Stetsko. During a 1981 visit to the US to celebrate the 40th anniversary of the OUN-B’s declaration of an "independent" proNazi Ukraine, Stetsko summed up the ABN’s goal and its violent strategy:
"The complete destruction of the Russian empire through a Ukrainian national revolution and armed uprisings of all subjugated nations is the only means for achieving an independent Ukrainian state and the liberation of all nations subjugated by Moscow."8 (Emphasis added)
Other ABN leaders included fascist Hungarian general Ferenc Farkas, Croatian general Hinko Alabanda (whose Ustaša death camps killed hundreds of thousands of Serbs, Jews and Roma), and Ferdinand Durcanský, the former foreign minister of clerico-fascist Slovakia, who found safe haven in Canada (1950-51) before working for the ABN in Britain and Germany, and becoming a CIA advisor.
As a Cold War asset of the CIA, the ABN was central to its propaganda vehicles, such as Radio Liberation from Bolshevism (now called Radio Liberty). As Jonathan Levy notes:
"The ABN became the darling of the cold warriors ... and its questionable personalities given full access to Radio Liberty and other propaganda venues. Radio Liberty itself was sharply criticized as a mouthpiece for antisemitism and glorification of Ukrainian Nazi collaborators."9
Throughout the Cold War, the ABN held some of its largest events in Toronto. (See also here and here.) Its 1986 congress there received "warm greetings" from Pres. Reagan and PM Mulroney. Toronto was fertile ground for the ABN because many of the far-right immigrants selected by Canada, settled in Toronto after the war. There they formed groups representing the antiSoviet diaspora from Europe’s "captive nations."
In 1996, after achieving the Nazi-cum-CIA dream of destroying their common Soviet enemy, the ABN ceased operations.
World AntiCommunist League (WACL)
Through the 1950s and 1960s, Stetsko attended meetings of the Asian People’s AntiCommunist League. Created in 1954 by US-backed regimes in South Korea, South Vietnam, Taiwan and the Philippines, it joined with Stetsko’s ABN and other fascist entities from six continents to form the World AntiCommunist League (WACL) in 1966.
The WACL united Nazi politicians, Japanese war criminals, Italian terrorists, Salvadoran and Guatemalan death-squad leaders, US-allied dictators (Argentina’s Jorge Videla, South Korea’s Park Chunghee and Paraguay’s Alfredo Stroessner), former CIA officials, Moonie cult leaders, Saudi sheikhs, Nicaraguan contras, Afghan mujahideen and retired US Gen. John K. Singlaub.10
WACL events were graced by Senators, Congressmen, MPs and archbishops. Its 1984 confab had greetings from US President Ronald Reagan. No mere think tank, it was "an instrument for the practice of unconventional warfare—assassinations, death squads, sabotage—throughout the world."11 After the USSR’s destruction, it became the World League for Freedom and Democracy.
1. Anti-Bolshevik Bloc of Nations, Encyclopedia of Ukraine. http://bit.ly/2qxw1TV
2. Stephen Dorril, MI6: Inside the Covert World of Her Majesty’s Secret Intelligence Service, 2000, p.229. http://bit.ly/MI6-OUNB
4. Russ Bellant, Old Nazis New Right and the Republican Party, 1991, pp.72-73.
5. Scott Anderson and Jon Lee Anderson, Inside the League, 1986, p.35.
6. Anti-Bolshevik Bloc of Nations, op. cit.
7. Cited by Jonathan Levy, The Intermarium: Wilson, Madison, and East Central European Federalism, 2006, p.319. (PhD thesis, Poli. Sci.) http://bit.ly/Levy-ABN
8. Syracuse Herald-American, Oct.11, 1981, in ABN Correspondence, Mar/Apr 1982, p.39. http://bit.ly/ABN-82
9. Levy, p.321
10. Singlaub helped found the CIA, ran its ops in postwar Manchuria and covert wars in Laos and Vietnam (including the Phoenix assassination program). He supplied Nicaraguan and Afghan terrorists, led US troops in Korea, created WACL’s US chapter in 1981 and led the WACL globally (1984-86).
11. Anderson and Anderson, op. cit., p.11.
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