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Defunding the Myths and Cults of
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Defunding Cold War Canada
Table of Contents
Canadaís anti-Red, Cold War
propaganda in context
The global cult of Stepan Bandera is represented in Canada by the League of Ukrainian Canadians (LUC). It was formed in 1949 by activists loyal to his faction of the Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists (OUN-B). LUC joined the Ukrainian Canadian Congress (UCC) in 1959 and has dominated its leadership for decades. LUC affiliates include the Ukrainian Youth Association (UYA) and the Society of Ukrainian Insurgent Army (UPA) Veterans. By 1990, LUC had 57 local chapters (with 38 in Ontario), and 15 cultural centres.1 These centres, often funded by government, besides having great practical value, are also powerful unifying symbols of this communityís far-right politics.
Canadaís Bandera youth
LUC centres often focus on aiding the Bandera youth movement. Structured along military lines, the UYA scouting movement2 was begun in the 1920s by fascist Ukrainians fighting an "armed struggle against the forces of Bolshevism."3 In 2016, a UYA event at Montrealís Ukrainian Youth Centre praised former UCC presidents Paul Grod (2007-18) and Eugene Czolij (1998-2004) as "lifelong members and products of growing up within the ranks of UYA."4 Both have led the World Ukrainian Congress (WUC),5 a Toronto-based global network of Banderite front groups. Formerly called the World Congress of Free Ukrainians, it worked closely with the Anti-Bolshevik Bloc of Nations (ABN). LUC "prides itself on being one of the principle founding members" of WUC and gave it "three consecutive secretaries-general."6
On July 20, 2015, the Canadian government's Western Economic Diversification Canada gave $70,000 to "Revitalize the Ukrainian Youth Centre in Calgary".7
Photographs of the UYAís national leadership conference held at this Calgary centre show that it has portraits of OUN(B) fascist military leaders Stepan Bandera and Yevhen Konovalets.
Konovalets was an OUN leader (1929-38) who commanded its military organization in the 1930s. Having met Hitler in 1933, he pushed for Nazi policies in Eastern Europe.
Ukrainian cultural centres in Toronto
Ukrainian Cultural Centre in downtown Toronto housed offices of the UYA and Homin Ukrainy (Ukrainian Echo), LUCís government-funded paper launched by OUN(B) activists in 1948.8 From 1960 until its 2015 sale, it hosted many LUC meetings, banquets and artistic events.
Neighbouring Etobicoke also boasts a Ukrainian centre. In 2012, it hosted a national UYA event honouring the birth of Yaroslav Stetsko, a leader of the OUN(B), the ABN and the World AntiCommunist League. Uniformed youth marched with Stetskoís portrait and the battle flag of Banderaís fascist army.9
For the UYAís 65th anniversary in 2013, then-UCC
President Paul Grod posed with youth activists from across Canada. (See
Other photos from this event show that the Etobicoke centre also gives pride of
place to portraits of Stetsko and Yevhen Konovalets.10
Canadaís largest Ukrainian centre, the Roman Shukhevych Ukrainian Youth Unity Complex in Edmonton, is named after another nationalist war hero. Shukhevych, a Ukrainian war criminal, fought communists before, during and after WWII. The 27,000-sq.ft centre named for him includes classrooms, a library, gym, pool and a huge meeting hall with portraits of Bandera, Shukhevych and other revered "heroes."
The complex was built in 1973 for the equivalent of $4.7 million today, with 10% of this from Albertaís government. Funding also came from the Government of Canada, LUC, its women and youth affiliates, the local Nazi Waffen-SS Galicia veteransí group and Ukrainian Catholic churches.11 (According to the Public Accounts of Canada, the Shukhevych Centre received $279,000 for renovations in 2015.)
The centreís grand opening event in 1973 "combined militaristic, religious, folkloristic and vŲlkisch elements" and was blessed by Edmontonís Ukrainian Catholic Bishop. Politicians from the mayor and MLAs to Albertaís Conservative premier, Peter Lougheed, all gave glowing speeches. There were also Ukrainian nationalist hymns, poems by uniformed children and patriotic youth singing soldiersí songs. Describing the scene, an Edmonton-based Ukrainian Catholic paper, Ukrainian News, said that the Shukhevych Youth Centre would
"raise and harden a new generation of fighters for the liberation of Ukraine, ready to unite its strength with the forces of the warriors for the captive Ukraine. [It invokes] the name and the activities of General Chuprynka [Shukhevychís nom de guerre], St[epan] Bandera and other outstanding Ukrainian activists and path breakers...."12
In 1981-82, this Ukrainian-language Catholic paper was edited by Michael Chomiak, grandfather of Canadaís deputy prime minister Chrystia Freeland. Prior to his being its editor he had written articles for the paper. As a youth, Freeland also worked for this same publication. (See also.)
Outside Edmontonís centre is a "larger-than-life bronze bust of a uniformed Shukhevych," where, said historian Per Anders Rudling, "believers ... perform their nationalist rituals."13 These commemorative rites celebrating Shukhevychís place in the pantheon of Bandera cult idols have involved uniformed veterans of fascist armies and Ukrainian youth.
Global Bandera youth movement
The Banderite Ukrainian Youth Association (UYA) has branches in Argentina, Australia, Canada, Germany, Ukraine, the UK and US. In 2009, its World Executive Committee met in Munich to plan their 8th world meeting (held in Vancouver during the 2010 Olympics).
Sheltered from history by their elders, Bandera youth are unaware that their nationalist heroes were fascists with leading roles in the genocide of Jews, Poles and communists. Being raised in the Bandera cult, these youth are taught to denounce such facts as Russian lies, smears and propaganda.
1. Oleh Romanyshyn, "The Canadian League for the Liberation of Ukraine," Ukrainian Review, Spr. 1990. http://bit.ly/CLLU-LUC
2. The UYA was based on Britainís Boy Scouts, begun in 1907 by Lt.Gen. Sir Robít Baden-Powell, who served British imperial interests in India and in South Africa.
3. History of the Ukrainian Youth Assoc., UYA website http://bit.ly/UYAhistory
4. Banquet commemorating CYMís 70th anniversary in the Diaspora, Mar. 10, 2016. http://bit.ly/UYA-Czolij-Grod
5. Grod became UWC president after Czolij (2008-18). Previous presidents included Canadians: Catholic Father Wasyl Kushnir leader of the Ukrainian Catholic Brotherhood (1967-69, 1973-78) and SS veteran Peter Savaryn (1983-88).
UWC Presidents http://bit.ly/UWC-presidents
6. Romanyshyn, op. cit., pp.8-9.
7. "Revitalize the Ukrainian Youth Centre in Calgary" 2015-2016. http://bit.ly/CdaFundUYA
Richard Sanders, "Govt Funds another fascist-revering Bandera Youth Centre," Freeland Watch (Context), Jun.26, 2020. http://bit.ly/UYAcalg
8. Romanyshyn, op. cit., pp. 11-12.
9. "100th anniversary of OUN-B chairperson Yaroslav Stetsko" (trans.), March 5, 2012. http://bit.ly/UYA-Stetsko
11. Per A. Rudling, "Multiculturalism, Memory and Ritualization: Ukrainian Nationalist Monuments in Edmonton, Alb.," p.743-44. http://bit.ly/EdmCen
12. M. Tysivsíkyi, "Dim Ukrainsíkoi Molodi v Edmontoni," Ukrainsíki Visti, May 9, 1974, p.4. Cited by Rudling, Ibid, p.745.
13. Ibid, p.744.
14. Plenary session of Druzhynnyky speakers, Oct.14, 2009. http://bit.ly/UYA2009
15. Photos of LUC youth at Bandera
commemorations, Oct.22, 2009.
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